• SJU reference # PJ.01-06 /Release 2019
  • Stakeholders
  • Benefits Cost-efficiency
    Operational efficiency
  • Status Available for industrialisation/deployment

Rotorcraft and general aviation fly at different speeds and altitude to commercial traffic. By introducing advanced approach and departure procedures for rotorcraft and general aviation in the TMA, SESAR is looking at improving safety at airports with mixed traffic modes, especially in adverse weather.

This candidate solution develops RNP approach and departure procedures specifically for rotorcraft and general aviation based on PiN satellite-based augmented navigation position data, supported by GNSS constellations such as Galileo. The procedures introduce more flexible flight paths and provide easier access to final approach and take-off points for these users while reducing the potential impact on other airspace users. The approach and departure paths connect with the low-level route network and include initial, intermediate, and missed approach segments. The candidate solution also considers the use of a head-mounted display to provide ‘eyes-out’ information to the pilot which can be used to facilitate safe-flying along the Point-in-Space procedure during the transition from visual flight conditions to low visibility conditions and vice-versa, reducing pilot workload. 

The candidate solution also contributes to reduced noise footprint and improved access to final approach and take-off points with vertical guidance. This is in addition to the safety benefits of reducing the use of visual flight rules in marginal conditions.


  • Ensured equitable access to TMA
  • Reduced fuel consumption and emissions
  • Increased operational and cost efficiency