If goes without saying that safety is the highest priority in air traffic management. For this reason, SESAR has set an ambitious performance target to reduce flight risk per flight hour so that the overall number of fatal accidents per year with ATM contribution does not increase, irrespective of traffic growth. To reach this target, SESAR is developing new technologies and procedures to reduce hazards and mitigate and manage risk.
Mid-air collisions can occur through miscommunication, error in navigation, and deviations from flight plans. Enhanced conflict and detection and resolution, as well as situational awareness tools will contribute to reduce the risk of a mid-air collision.
Runway and taxiway safety
A runway or taxiway collision could happen if an unauthorized aircraft, vehicle or person is on a runway or taxiway. Given that the amount of air traffic is expected to increase such incursions could be on the rise. SESAR is introducing a collection of new tools (such as, safety nets, surface planning and routing, alert to vehicle drivers, among others) to improve airport surface movement and reduce runway/taxiway incursions.
Controlled flight into terrain
Controlled flight into terrain (CFIT) occurs when an aircraft, under complete control of the pilot, is inadvertently flown into terrain, water, or an obstacle. Most CFIT accidents occur in the approach and landing phase of flight and are often associated with non-precision approaches and are attributed to the loss of situational awareness of a pilot. To avoid such accidents, SESAR is further developing new approach procedures with vertical guidance, dynamic vortex.